Angela Browne-Miller, PhD, is editor of this comprehensive and unique set of four volumes containing over 110 chapters from over 130 international experts with backgrounds in behavioral science, social science, law, and medicine, as well as researchers, practitioners, and lay persons with varied specialties. These volumes cover the following areas reflected by their titles: Volume One: Fundamentals, Effects, and Extremes; Volume Two: Setting, Age, Gender, and Other Key Elements; Volume Three: Psychological, Ritual, Sexual, and Trafficking Issues; and Volume Four: Faces on Intimate Partner Violence. This collection looks at the range of violence and abuse we see today, conducting a detailed examination against the backdrop of a history of violence and abuse around the globe. The works within focus for the most part on violence and abuse taking place outside of war contexts, discussing road rage, child abuse, elder abuse, abuse of women and girls, sex slavery, violent rituals including female genital cutting, abuse within cults, domestic violence, gun violence, and modern problems fueled by technology, including cyberbullying and cyberstalking.
Family Abuse and Violence presents a new perspective for studying inter- and intragenerational forms of family abuse and violence. The framework integrates existing theories and guides an interpretation of empirical data to study socially deviant or criminal problems that occur within families. It is a text for: undergraduate students in a 2nd, 3rd, or 4th year course in social problems, family abuse and violence, family and gender, or community problems; or for graduate students in MS or PhD programs in sociology, psychology, child and family studies.
This book represents a significant contribution to the highly contested debate surrounding how allegations of child sexual abuse should be evaluated. Despite decades of substantial research in this sensitive area, professional consensus remains elusive. A particular source of contention is the sensitivity vs. specificity debate; whether evaluators should give priority to reducing the number of true allegations that are labelled false or to reducing the number of false allegations that are labelled true.
This edited collection aims to address directly and offer new insights into this debate. It responds directly to Kuehnle and Connell's edited volume, The Evaluation of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations: A Comprehensive Guide to Assessment and Testimony (2009), which included chapters which advocated strong specificity positions at the expense of sensitivity. The chapters in this collection feature both challenges to, and replies by, the authors in Kuehnle and Connell's book, making this an essential resource that moves the debate forward.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Child Sexual Abuse.
Among Children and Adolescents<br> <br> Nowhere are the tragic consequences of substance exposure and abuse in our society more evident than among children and adolescents. It is the responsibility of healers, educators, and policymakers alike to learn as much as possible about the latest trends in substance exposure and use among children and adolescents: its causes, effects, prevention, and treatment. This book provides a unique opportunity to do just that.<br> <br> Substance Use among Children and Adolescents provides the most complete picture yet of important theoretical, empirical, and clinical trends in substance exposure and use and their impact upon the young. Ann Marie and Louis Pagliaro have assembled a vast body of information in a format that is easy to apply in clinical practice. Drawing upon their own clinical experiences and those of other experts from a variety of disciplines, the authors present practical advice and guidance on assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Practitioners will be particularly interested in those chapters dealing with assessment and treatment approaches and the use of the Mega Interactive Model of Substance Exposure and Use among Infants, Children, and Adolescents.<br> <br> Among the many crucial topics covered in depth are prenatal exposure to substances of abuse; patterns of substance exposure and use among infants, children, and adolescents; the effects of substance exposure and use on learning and memory; the relationship between substance exposure and use and various psychiatric disorders; violence, sexual abuse, and crime; contributing social and psychological factors such as divorce, cults, familial patterns of substance use, and suicide; the advantages and pitfalls of various prevention strategies; methods of clinically assessing the nature and extent of substance use; and the relative efficacy of current treatment methods. The book's helpful appendices provide abbreviations used in the text, a directory of major treatment centers, and generic, trade, and common names of frequently used substances of abuse.<br> <br> An exhaustive reference and a valuable practical guide, Substance Use among Children and Adolescents belongs in the working libraries of child and adolescent clinical psychologists and psychiatrists, school psychologists and counselors, social workers, and all those with a professional interest in one of today's gravest social problems.<br> <br> "Substance use among children and adolescents in North America, often viewed as part of the rite of passage from childhood to adulthood (at least for boys), is invariably accompanied by significant concern on the part of parents, teachers, researchers, and policymakers. Public concern about substance use among adolescents is not new, and several patterns of concern regarding the use of various substances of abuse over the modern period have been noted. For example, marijuana use during the 1920s (Prohibition era) was cause for alarm in many states and provinces, as was heroin use during the 1950s in New York City and other North American cities. The use of psychedelics by the flower children in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco, and elsewhere, during the 1960s and 1970s occasioned much public outcry, as did alcohol, nicotine, and cocaine use among children and adolescents during the 1980s. The 1990s have been characterized by worries about crack cocaine and polysubstance use among girls and boys from all socioeconomic groups living in rural and urban regions of North America. More recently, attention has been directed at the relationship between substance use and the apparent rising incidence of violent crime. In fact, homicide has become the leading cause of death for young black males and suicide for young white males."--From Substance Use among Children and Adolescents
This book presents a new approach to covering the basic principles and major topics found in a typical psychopharmacology course, while adding the newest exciting and controversial findings in the study of drug use, misuse and abuse. Included in this text are major drugs typically covered in an undergraduate psychopharmacology course, including caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamines including methamphetamine, alcohol, opiates, marijuana, the hallucinogens, antipsychotics, antidepressants, and antianxiety medications. Moreover, the content emphasizes the latest scientific findings in the field, including advances in imaging the living brain.
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